Type: Article
Title: Spatial policies for growth management in metropolitan regions. A comparison of U.S. American, Canadian and German approaches
Title in another language: Raumplanerische Ansätze zum Siedlungsflächenmanagement in Metropolregionen. Ein Vergleich von Ansätzen in den USA, Kanada und Deutschland
Authors: Heinen, Deborah
Knieling, Jörg 
Issue Date: 30-Dec-2022
Keywords: regional planning; growth management; multi-level governance; policy instruments; comparative research
Many metropolitan regions face concerns over sprawling development, increased costs of maintaining infrastructure, and loss of green space and farmland. Some metropolitan regions have intentionally created spatial policies to govern development patterns and manage growth within their region. This paper compares the spatial policies applied in three case studies: the Puget Sound region (Washington State, USA), Metro Vancouver region (British Columbia, Canada) and Stuttgart region (Baden-Württemberg, Germany). While all three regions share a vision that can broadly be summarised as transit-connected communities, each metropolitan planning organisation leverages a variety of spatial policies. Based on the unique planning cultures, various governmental actors take on different roles at the local, county, regional and state levels. This paper categorises and compares the multi-level responsibilities for defining, mapping, and implementing spatial policies. With this focus, the paper provides an international comparative perspective on approaches, context, and contents of multi-level growth management.
Subject Class (DDC): 710: Landschaftsgestaltung, Raumplanung
HCU-Faculty: Stadtplanung und Regionalentwicklung 
Journal or Series Name: Raumforschung und Raumordnung 
Volume: 80
Issue: 6
Start page: 678
End page: 693
Publisher: oekom verlag
ISSN: 0034-0111
Publisher DOI: 10.14512/rur.167
URN (Citation Link): urn:nbn:de:gbv:1373-repos-11220
Directlink: https://repos.hcu-hamburg.de/handle/hcu/882
Language: English
Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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